Coulter Statue by Peter T Yeschenko,
I know a lot of you remember “Coulter Statue” leading into Itaewon….this statute was right outside Gate 12.
The Post Run use to stop almost right in front of this statue and right outside gate 12.
I use to catch the Post Run there all the time when I lived in Itaewon. 🙂
SOMETHING YOU MIGHT NOT KNOW!
Trivia: Who was Coulter?! 🙂
ANSWER: John Breitling Coulter was a Lieutenant General in the US Army. General Coulter served during WW I and II and the Korean War.
In 1948 he went to Korea as commander of the 7th Infantry Division.
In 1949 he was appointed deputy commander of US Forces in Korea, and then commanded I Corps until its deactivation in 1950.
General Coulter was then assigned as deputy commander of Fifth Army, headquartered in Chicago.
After the June, 1950 invasion of South Korea, General Coulter was assigned to command I Corps, reactivated as part of the Eighth Army.
As the commander of Task Force Jackson, an ad hoc force of South Korean and US troops, General Coulter was credited with a key role in halting North Korea’s advance.
In September, 1950 General Coulter assumed command of IX Corps, and led his organization as the supporting effort to I Corps in the US counterattack against North Korea.
In 1951 General Coulter was promoted to Lieutenant General as deputy commander of the Eighth Army, and was Eighth Army commander General Matthew Ridgway’s liaison to the South Korean Army and South Korean President Syngman Rhee.
General Coulter retired from the Army in 1952.
Following his retirement, General Coulter was appointed the Washington, DC representative of the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA), the organization formed to direct the international effort to rebuild South Korea after the Korean War.
In 1953 he was named to head UNKRA, with the rank of UN Assistant Secretary-General, and he remained in this position until 1958.
During his tenure, he directed the expenditure of more than $200 million for rebuilding South Korea’s industry, schools, hospitals, roads and housing.
During 1956 General Coulter also advised UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld on peacekeeping forces during the Suez Crisis.
In 1959, Syngman Rhee, still the President of South Korea, erected a statue of Coulter to recognize his efforts to rebuild South Korea.
The statue originally stood in the Itaewon District of Seoul. It was rededicated in 1977, and now stands at Seoul’s San 18, Neung-dong, Kwangjin-gu.
In the 1960s, General Coulter was President of the Korean Cultural and Freedom Foundation, an organization formed to recognize Korean War veterans and foster cultural exchanges between the US and South Korea.
General Coulter died in Washington, DC on 6 March 1983 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.